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Disease Papers Online II, CPR Nashville

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Future healthcare students, such as students in nursing school, paramedics, occupational therapists, physical therapists, dental hygienists, etc., offer up some great papers on health and disease topics. These online papers provide a terrific overview of many different diseases and health issues that people have questions about. Each paper provides a summary of the disease including main points such as causes, treatments, and outcomes. Each online article also includes reference links that can be used to attain further information. These papers are posted by CPR Nashville to contribute to educating the community about health and disease issues. CPR Nashville offers the American Heart Association, AHA, and CPR classes such as Basic Life Support (BLS), Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS), and Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) classes.

Please enjoy the following student papers online.

Microbiology Unknown Lab Report – Tabitha Matthews
P. vulgaris part of the Enterobacteriaceae family. It is commonly found in fecal and decomposing matter, soil, and water. P. vulgaris is commonly associated with urinary, respiratory, skin, and eye infections. Although P. vulgaris is an enteric bacteria, it does not
grow well in the intestinal tract, thriving in the urinary tract instead. Many urinary tract infections are caused by P. vulgaris. Antimicrobials that are most effective in inhibiting P. vulgaris are ampicillin and aminoglycosides.

Enterobacter aerogenes – unknown microbiology lab report by Vera Kozlova
Enterobacter species are well-known for their drug resistance, which is thought to have been amplified by the use of broad-spectrum cephalosporins in hospitals.  E. aerogenes uses three mechanisms of resistance; inactivating enzymes, changes in drug targets, and the ability of drugs to enter and acquire in its cells. Risk factors for nosocomial Enterobacter infections include hospitalization of greater than 2 weeks, invasive procedures in the past 72 hours, treatment with antibiotics in the past 30 days, and the presence of a central venous catheter.  The crucial first step is the appropriate identification of the bacteria.     Physicians treating patients with Enterobacter infections are advised to abstain from certain antibiotics, particularly third-generation cephalosporins because resistant mutants can quickly come into sight.

What is Meningitis by Karla Posos
The first few questions that are probably popping into your head right now are, ‘What is meningitis? Do I have meningitis? How do I treat it? How did I get this? Am I going to die!?’ Well, you’re in luck, because it turns out that I will, hopefully, be able to answer all your questions.

How Exercise Affects Mood and Depression by Lauren Seers
Clinical depression is not fully understood in the medical community, however, it is widely agreed that the cause is due to chemical imbalances in the brain. The major chemicals that seem to be lower than normal are the exact ones that are released during physical exercise: serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. Recent studies showed that rats that are regularly exposed to running on a wheel have higher levels of serotonin and norepinephrine in major areas of the brain, including the hippocampus and amygdala.  Recent studies involving patients who had been diagnosed with major depression showed that a low-intensity exercise program done 30 minutes a day for ten days had statistically significant improvements in their moods.

What is Tinnitus by Elizabeth Dare
Tinnitus has a wide variety of possible causes, including exposure to loud noises, trauma, a tumor, misalignment of the jaw, excess ear wax, stiff inner ear bones, and age-related hearing issues.  Some medications may also result in the appearance of tinnitus, including certain antibiotics, cancer medications, aspirin (12+ per day), and diuretics.

Metastatic Breast Cancer to Liver
The treatment for metastatic breast cancer will vary depending on the primary cancer, the location of the cancer, the size of the cancer, and the general health of the person and their condition. Nevertheless, the first step starts with therapy that involves medications. Most commonly metastatic breast cancer would be treated with systemic therapy; because once it spreads it is in the body and can spread more, that’s why the local therapy will not benefit in this case anymore.

What is Wheat Grass by Robert Brown
One of the American pioneers of using wheatgrass juice to heal and cure sickness and disease was Ann Wigmore. Wigmore grew up in Lithuania and studied the behavior of small animals. She eventually cured herself of the same ailment my Father had, colon cancer. Wigmore came to America and opened The Hippocrates Health Institute, educating and healing people using wheatgrass, sprouts, and other living foods.

Marfan Syndrome by Laura Puckett
Marfan Syndrome also causes problems in the eyes including dislocation of the lenses, glaucoma, cataracts, and detachment of the retina. This syndrome causes risks in the lungs including emphysema, pulmonary disease, collapsed lung, and sleep apnea. Women with Marfan Syndrome have complications with pregnancy because of the stress it puts on their aorta heart and lungs.

Genital Warts (HPV) and Cancer by Rebecca Lashley
Genital warts can appear as small cauliflower-like bumps, lesions, or tiny protrusions that look like stems. These strains of HPV that cause genital warts are not associated with the strains that cause cancer. HPV types 16 and 18 have been linked to causing 70% of cervical cancer in women. These types along with a few others have also been linked to vulva, penis, anus, cervical, vaginal, and even oropharynx cancer.

Epileptic Seizures by Melissa Rodgers
A person who is diagnosed with epilepsy has their first seizure between ages 5 and 20 years of age. There are many types of epilepsy and when a doctor makes a diagnosis is usually one of the following: Focal, generalized, cryptogenic, partial, idiopathic, or cryptogenic. Each of these types of epilepsy has its characteristics relating to its symptoms and treatments, and they all are caused or triggered by something different. There are causes ranging from unknown to genetic factors that have predetermined the individual to have epilepsy.

Lyme Disease by Gina Bloomburg
Lyme disease can progress to much more serious conditions, and can affect other organs and systems of the human body; the heart, joints, and most importantly, the nervous system. In its later stages, Lyme disease can progress to Bell’s Palsy; a partial paralysis of the face, or meningitis; a swelling condition of the membranes surrounding the brain. If caught early enough, Lyme disease can be easily treated with an antibiotic; therefore it is imperative that one thoroughly inspect those areas of the body where ticks like to attach, especially if you live or play in heavily wooded areas.

What is a Kidney Infection by Mandi Magruder
To aid in the prevention of kidney infections, we should keep ourselves hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids and, more importantly, water. Avoid substances that dehydrate the body like alcohol, and caffeine. We should urinate frequently, or urinate when we have the urge to pee, not wait. And because women tend to get urinary tract infections more than men, women should urinate after sexual relations. It is also important that women wipe very carefully, in front-to-back motion.

Risks for Esophageal Cancer by Erin McCullough
There are two different types of esophageal cancer: adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.  Adenocarcinoma is the more common of the two.  This form is found more often in those with acid reflux problems and therefore is usually located near the bottom of the esophagus, closer to the stomach.  GERD, or gastroesophageal reflux disease, can eventually lead to Barrett’s esophagus, which is a leading risk factor for esophageal cancer.  Barrett’s esophagus is essentially when the lining of your esophagus resembles the lining of your stomach due to stomach acid eating away at it.



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